The overrepresentation of Indigenous persons in Canadian prisons began at the end of the Second World War (Rudin 2008) and remains a well-documented reality based on abundant scientific and statistical documentation (Department of Justice Canada 2017). Explore the distribution of the population with Aboriginal identity across Canada in 2016 using the Census Program Data Viewer. The most widely spoken Indigenous languages were Cree, Inuktitut and Ojibway. View all content related to Indigenous peoples. The term “Aboriginal” was used by Statistics Canada during the 2016 census and respondents would have self-identified as such. “The reality is in the statistics.” Indigenous people make up only five percent of Canada’s population, but 30 percent of all incarcerations – comparable to the figures in the U.S., where Blacks and African Americans make up just over 13 percent of the general population, but … In the three Indigenous groups, smoking and obesity rates were higher than the non-Indigenous population. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. As Winnipeg's Indigenous population continues to grow, the city is also becoming less segregated, says a new report from Statistics Canada. This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996. “Victimization of Aboriginal people in Canada, 2014.” Statistics Canada. For young and Indigenous people, the problem is especially pronounced. Statistics Canada reports that these Indigenous figures should be used with caution because the coefficient of variation, which measures the sampling error, is between 16.6 and 33.3. In the description for Chart 8 in the HTML, there were data errors for the categories ‘Trades certificate (non-apprenticeship)’, ‘Apprenticeship certificate’, ‘College diploma’ and ‘Bachelor's degree or higher’. The objectives of the Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are to identify the needs of Aboriginal peoples and to inform policy and programs aimed at improving the well-being of Aboriginal peoples. Statistics Canada built partnerships with Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., the Government of Nunavut, Pilimmaksaivik, Indigenous Services, Crown–Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs, and Employment and Social Development Canada in order to transform a standard government recruitment process into one that was engaging, responsive to the unique challenges of the North, culturally sensitive and, ultimately, removed barriers to employment. Application of the United Nations Human Development Index to Registered Indians in Canada, 2006–2016 They also help build the statistical capacity of First Nations, Métis and Inuit organizations and people. People living in institutions, such as hospitals, shelters and senior’s residences, Those temporarily living away from home for health or other services. For example, some would still use the term “Indian” to describe themselves. In light of changing terminology, recent court decisions and the Government’s renewed commitment to Indigenous people, Statistics Canada is actively seeking feedback from First Nations, Métis and Inuit governments, organizations and individuals on the concepts and categories used in the census as well as what data they need. Of these, there were 36 languages that had at least 500 speakers. About one in six (17.9%) Indigenous children aged 0 to 4 shared a household with at least one grandparent, compared with 9.5% of non-Indigenous children. They generally include thinking about suicide, inflicting self-harm or attempting suicide, which may result in death (see Suicide). New analytical opportunities are opened up when these are combined with the Census. They present the epistemology, paradigm, and practice of indigenous statistics in accessible language. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada. Edmonton (76,205), Vancouver (61,460) and Toronto (46,315) round out the top four. In fact, the population in the city of Kamloops dropped to 5,959 by 1941 – Kamloops was ranked 129th in Canada by population size. Under the Employment Equity Act, Aboriginal people are a designated group along with women, visible minorities, and persons with disabilities; as such, they are neither a visible minority under the Act or in the view of Statistics Canada. However, Métis men with an apprenticeship certificate had earnings almost as high as Métis men with at least a bachelor’s degree. On January 8, 2015, Statistics Canada released updated CANSIM tables from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) including data for the off-reserve Aboriginal population. First Nations communities recognize the importance of data for community planning and development. The First Nations population— including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Actand those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016. Department of Justice (2018). Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 2016. Earnings were much higher among First Nations, Métis and Inuit women with at least a bachelor’s degree than among those with lower levels of education. In Canada, the term Indigenous peoples (or Aboriginal peoples) refers to First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples. Educational attainment refers to a person's highest certificate, diploma or degree. Harvesting activities such as hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering wild plants have been part of Aboriginal peoples’ ways of living for millennia. Statistics Canada is committed to strengthening or renewing partnerships with Indigenous organizations, institutions, and communities, and in collaboration with other governments. The census released in October pegged Toronto’s Indigenous population at 23,065, up from the 19,270 census estimate in 2011. By focusing on the strengths of prospective Inuit employees, more than 130 territorial residents were hired (accounting for 78% of the data collection team) across all 25 communities. In comparison, 6.0% of the non-Indigenous population reported living in a dwelling in need of major repairs. This figure was 2.5 percentage points lower than in 2011. In Canada, approximately 12 people per 100,000 die by suicide each year. Sign up to My StatCan to get updates in real-time. In the 2016 census by Statistics Canada, over 1.6 million people in Canada identified as Indigenous, making up 4.9 per cent of the national population. Among the Inuit, the percentage with a college diploma increased from about 17% to almost 19%. The Indigenous population is younger than the non-Indigenous. The Indigenous population is younger than the non-Indigenous. Ontario has a population of 301,425 indigenous Canadians … In the NWT, the average age of the 3 Shirin Roshanafshar and Emma Hawkins. The 2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait Series presents 2016 Census of Population information for First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities in a visual and accessible way. Canadian Institute for Health Information, Discharge Abstract Database, 2006-2009. Many would like to have information collected more frequently and there are still some populations that are not well covered. These rates were highest for Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat (31.5%) and Status First Nations people living on reserve (44.2%). They comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Métis. “Homicide in Canada, 2015.” Juristat. Winnipeg has the largest Indigenous population of any major city in Canada, according to the latest census data. The Statistics Canada numbers, based on the 2016 census, show Winnipeg's census metropolitan area (CMA) with 92,810 people identifying as Indigenous — First Nations, Métis and Inuit. Individual and family income by source, and spending in Indigenous households. A quick look at the recent statistical data shows that the measures taken to combat this reality have not yet produced the desired results. Ten years later, the census reported 1,172,790 people, or 4 per cent of the population. One‑quarter (23.1%) of First Nations people lived in crowded housing in 2016. In particular, Statistics Canada notes women are at higher risk, with 41% of Indigenous women living food insecure compared to 34% of men. According to Statistics Canada, approximately 799,010 people, or 3 per cent of Canada's population, identified themselves as having an Aboriginal identity in 1996. This category includes those with a Certificate of Apprenticeship, a Certificate of Qualification or a journeyperson's designation. Statistics Canada uses data on Indigenous identity to analyze socio-economic trends and population growth. Includes demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous peoples. This series was developed in partnership with Indigenous Services Canada. Indigenous people are not recovering from loss of employment during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as non-Indigenous Canadians, according to new data from Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada developed an Inuit hiring strategy that increased Statistics Canada’s capacity in terms of staffing in Nunavut. Just over one in ten (11.0%) of off-reserve First Nations youth and 7.8% of Métis youth report having a mood disorder. Statistics Canada uses data on Indigenous identity to analyze socio-economic trends and population growth. Half of First Nations people living off reserve report themselves in very good or excellent health. Table 1 Population by Indigenous Identity, Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 and 2016 Census . This suggests that many people, especially young people, Statistics Canada conducts a country-wide census that collects demographic data every five years on the first and sixth year of each decade. Further, one-third of the urban Indigenous population lives in food insecure households. Our key sources of information on First Nations people, Métis and Inuit are collected every five years. Research on Indigenous and Northern issues. Demographic and socio-economic statistics on Indigenous peoples and Northerners. Employment rates were about 75% among First Nations people living off reserve who had college diplomas or apprenticeship certificates. “Indigenous,” although increasingly mainstream, is not universally accepted. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. Compared to all other categories of accused persons, Indigenous people continue to be jailed younger, denied bail more … Statistics Canada. Footnote 4. Education and skills related to the Indigenous population in Canada, including educational attainment, field of study, educational outcomes, literacy, and technology use. Although Indigenous children accounted for 7.7% of all children aged 0 to 4, they accounted for more than one-half (51.2%) of all foster children in this age group. The health of Indigenous people and communities in Canada, including self-rated health, chronic conditions, well-being, life expectancy, and accessibility to health providers and services. This paper aims to give an overview of trends regarding the fertility of Aboriginal people in Canada at the turn of the 21st century (mostly between 1996 and 2011). Findings from past cycles of the APS continues to be used and can tell powerful stories when linked with administrative data. Results will be available in the fall, 2018, that will examine barriers and levers to economic participation, labour mobility, entrepreneurship, skills training and financial well-being. The Statistics and Measurement Directorate is the focal point of contact within Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) for demographic and socio-economic statistics on Aboriginal peoples and Northerners. Taché also maintained that several important steps were required for improved statistics, including a preliminary numerical study of Canada and the Indigenous population dating back to the early 17th century; development of statistical trends for the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries to 1871; revision and correction of the 1851 and 1861 censuses; and preparation for a better census in 1871. This is an oval word art image within a rectangle that contains the list of Indigenous languages based on the 36 most widely spoken with at least 500 speakers in 2016: Status First Nations people—particularly those living on reserve—were more likely to be able to speak an Indigenous language. Indigenous Peoples represent the fastest growing and youngest population in Canada. Focusing on a selected geographic area, this product presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2016 Census. In 2006, 4.8% of the Indigenous population was 65 years of age or older; by 2016, this proportion had risen to 7.3%. 85-002-X. Although "Indian" is a term still commonly used in legal documents, the descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have somewhat fallen into disuse in Canada, and some consider them to be pejorative. Child care and family responsibilities were most often cited by Inuit women as reasons for leaving high school or postsecondary programs. Among Inuit, those living in Inuit Nunangat were more likely to be able to speak an Inuit language than those living outside. Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036. Among all Indigenous identity groups, the most common postsecondary qualification for those aged 25 to 64 was college. A lower proportion of the non-Indigenous population lived in housing that was crowded (8.5%). Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada's population grew by 1.7 million people, with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the … Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. According to the 2011 Canadian Census , indigenous peoples ( First Nations – 851,560, Inuit – 59,445 and Métis – 451,795) numbered at 1,400,685, or 4.3% of the country's total population. On April 16, 2019, Statistics Canada released the article ‘Harvesting activities among First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit: Time trends, barriers and associated factors, 2001-2017’. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. Of these, four in 10 of Canada’s indigenous children live in poverty making indigenous poverty in Canada a serious issue. The majority of Canadians perceive official languages positively 2015. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. Collecting data in the North presents unique challenges because of the remoteness of the communities and the weather. Research. Table 1 Population by Indigenous Identity, Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 and 2016 Census . Is this person an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit)? The Inuit are the youngest of the three groups, with an average age of 27.7 years, followed by First Nations people (30.6 years) and Métis (34.7 years). Suicide is also a global public health problem; in 2012, for example, approximately 804,000 people in the world died by suicide. Innovative approaches to gathering data and data development depend on the effective use of administrative data sources. This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. Statistics Canada Catalogue no.75-006-X. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. Canada owes the success of its statistical system to a long-standing partnership between Statistics Canada, the citizens of Canada, its businesses, governments and other institutions. The first results of the 2016 Census of Population and Housing, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) today, show that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples represented 2.8 per cent of the population counted in the 2016 Census – … The data from the census are very important to communities and organizations and the way we describe the population should allow us to identify those who are most in need of programs and services. According to … Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. These data highlights are presented through text, tables and figures. COVID-19 is increasing the economic stress on Canada's urban Indigenous population, including Inuit, says a new article from Statistics Canada. The Inuit population (65,025) grew by 29.1% from 2006 to 2016. These are the original inhabitants of the land that is now Canada. “Food insecurity among Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat.” Insights on Canadian Society. Statistics Canada is committed to serving its clients in a prompt, reliable and courteous manner. In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. Health at a Glance: Food Insecurity in Canada (Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada, March 25, 2015). Around 39% of the Indigenous population in Canada lived in rural areas in 2016. “Crowded housing” is categorized into dwellings that have a one-bedroom shortfall, a two-bedroom shortfall or a shortfall of three or more bedrooms. 4 Custom table based on Statistics Canada’s Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036. In September 2017, Statistics Canada initiated a broad series of dialogues with First Nations, Métis and Inuit organizations and communities in every province and territory, about the content of the 2021 Census and their data needs. Aboriginal Demography: Population, Household and Family Projections, 2001-2026: Statistics and Measurement Directorate 2006 A Statistical Profile on the Health of First Nations in Canada: Determinants of Health, 2006 to 2010 Between 2006 and 2016, the Indigenous population in Canada grew by 42.5%, four times faster than the rest of the population of Canada. Indigenous people are not recovering from loss of employment during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as non-Indigenous Canadians, according to new data from Statistics Canada. Measures of labour market activity, such as employment, characteristics of jobs held, and unemployment. Approximately 97 per cent of th… Census Profile, 2016 Census; Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census; Aboriginal Peoples Highlight Tables, 2016 Census The term 'Aboriginal' or 'Indigenous' used on the Statistics Canada website refers to individuals identifying themselves as 'First Nations people, Métis or Inuit'. Data products. The term 'Bachelor's degree or higher' corresponds to the category 'University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above' in the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' classification. “Victimization of Aboriginal people in Canada, 2014.” Statistics Canada. Use of this publication is governed by the Statistics Canada Open Licence Agreement. There remains a small population, less than 2%, of Aboriginal peoples, who according to archeological and historical records, have inhabited this region for more than 3,000 years. 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